The Security Situation in the Sahel: Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali in March 2024

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Etat de la situation sécuritaire dans le Sahel: Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali: entre février et mars 2024.

The Sahel region, particularly Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, has been grappling with escalating security challenges. This article provides an in-depth analysis of the security situation in these countries between February and March 2024.

Overview of the Security Situation

The Sahel region has been a hotspot for conflict and insecurity, with Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali being the most affected. The security situation in these countries has been characterized by frequent terrorist attacks, inter-communal violence, and a growing humanitarian crisis.

Escalating Terrorist Attacks

Between February and March 2024, there has been a significant increase in terrorist attacks in Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali. According to the United Nations, these attacks have resulted in the death of hundreds of civilians and security forces. The main perpetrators of these attacks are extremist groups such as the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) and Jama’at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin (JNIM).

Inter-Communal Violence

Inter-communal violence has also been a major security concern in these countries. This violence often stems from disputes over resources such as land and water, which have been exacerbated by climate change and population growth. In Burkina Faso, for instance, clashes between farmers and herders resulted in dozens of deaths in March 2024.

Humanitarian Crisis

The security situation in the Sahel has led to a growing humanitarian crisis. According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), over 2 million people have been displaced in Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali as of March 2024. This displacement has further strained the already limited resources in these countries.

Response to the Security Situation

Various efforts have been made to address the security situation in the Sahel. These include military operations by national and international forces, peacebuilding initiatives, and humanitarian assistance.

Military Operations

Between February and March 2024, the national armies of Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, supported by international forces such as the French Operation Barkhane and the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), have conducted several operations against extremist groups. These operations have resulted in the neutralization of several high-profile terrorists.

Peacebuilding Initiatives

Peacebuilding initiatives have also been implemented to address the root causes of conflict and violence in the Sahel. These initiatives include dialogue and reconciliation processes, community-based conflict resolution mechanisms, and programs aimed at addressing socio-economic inequalities.

Humanitarian Assistance

Humanitarian organizations have been providing assistance to the affected populations in Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali. This assistance includes food aid, healthcare services, and support for displaced persons.


The security situation in the Sahel, particularly in Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, remains precarious. While efforts have been made to address this situation, more needs to be done to ensure long-term stability and security in the region. This includes strengthening the capacity of national security forces, addressing the root causes of conflict, and providing adequate support to the affected populations.

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